A network interface card is already present in the computers. The purpose of the network card is to enable the computers to connect together using a protocol in order to transfer packets of data. In order to connect the computers, a form of connection is required that links the computers. In this case the form of connection used will be ethernet (Science - Opposing Views, 2014).
• “Data Link -Whenever two or more nodes share the same physical medium (for example, several computers plugged
Also cable lines running to fiber optic lines, through routers. And lastly it could be radio waves that computers can broadcast and receive or a combination of the above mentioned which are connected to enable communication via a modem, network card, radio transmitter, or router etc… sending your credentials in packets from your console through cabling to local access networks, regional networks, core/long-haul networks and ocean networks.
When setting up a LAN the architecture that you decide to choose is important. There are several factors that are decided when choosing said architecture, some of these being network speeds, types of cables, and access control mechanisms like collision detection (Team, 2011). The most common on in today’s LANs is Ethernet. These can be either wireless, wired, or a hybrid of both.
It is generally limited to a geographic area such as a writing lab, school, or building. Rarely are LAN computers more than a mile apart. In a typical LAN configuration, one computer is designated as the file server. It stores all of the software that controls the network, as well as the software that can be shared by the computers attached to the network. Computers connected to the file server are called workstations. The workstations can be less powerful than the file server, and they may have additional software on their hard drives. On many LANs, cables are used to connect the network interface cards in each computer; other LANs may be wireless.
This created physical connection between PC’s and the network line. Connected data’s are transporting data’s through the network. Cable is a medium through which information usually moves to one network to another network.
12. Category 5e/6 Cable : cabling is used as a cabling infrastructure for 10BASE-T (Ethernet), full duplex 100BASE-TX (Fast Ethernet) and 1000BASE-T (Gigabit Ethernet, or GbE) networks. The Cat 5e standard provides performance of up to 100 MHz and can be used up to a maximum length of 100 meters.
Ethernet switches, routers and bridges will be needed to assist the data as it moves from computer to computer whether within the store or for communication between all six stores.
When the first computers were made, they couldn’t talk to each other if they weren’t the same type. But now with the standardising of components, it is now easier than ever for different computers to connect to each other in a LAN (Local Area Network).
Advancements in the information technology sector have brought many benefits to the people all around the world. Today with computer networking, we can chat, speak and see each other over a long distance. Data communication refers to the transmission of the digital signals over a communication channel between the transmitter and receiver computers. Communication is possible only with wired and wireless connectivity of the computers with each other.