Different Types Of Memory Through Comparing Short Term And Long

2315 Words10 Pages
Introduction The human brain is a very complex organ in its composition and the way it functions. The brain forms one of the main components of the central nervous system (CNS) in which the other is the spinal cord. The brain’s tissue consists of gray matter where neurons’ cell bodies are concentrated with their dendrites and glial cells, and white matter where the myelinated nerve fibers are bundled. The function of the brain varies from sensory perception, language and maintenance of balance to coordinating and planning, and involving with emotions and basic behavioral patterns (Klandorf, Sherwood, & Yancey, p.177). Other functions of the brain are learning and the ability to recall experiences and acquired knowledge; the later of these is called memory. According to the authors memory is defined as the brain storage for acquired information and the ability to retrieve these information over time (Klandorf, Sherwood, & Yancey, p.195). The purpose of this paper is to drive clarity about the different types of memory through comparing short-term and long-term memory, and to explain the underlining physiological mechanisms of short-term and long-term memory. Also, how memories are retrieved will be discussed. The Different Types of Memory Memories are stored in the brain in the form of information through three different processes; these processes are encoding, storage, and retrieval. What people perceive, think, or feel is converted into permanent memory through the
Open Document