Different Types Of Motivational Theories

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The intent of this paper is to explore the different types of motivational theories that are present in Organizational Behavior. Motivation comes from the human’s attempts to satisfy important needs. It is thought that once an individual meets their needs, they will be able to carry out important tasks and be productive. Some key factors that motivate workers are the ability to self-govern their working environments and working hours which can lead to high productivity (Alexander, 2015). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory is a commonly used as guidance when motivating employees (SADRI & BOWEN, 2011). According to Maslow, each need must be satisfied in order for an individual to progress to the next level. Rewards given by management is a way to motivate employees to satisfy a particular task for the given time. After a need is satisfied, it no longer is a motivator. That is when the employee moves to the next level in the need hierarchy. Physiological needs are at the bottom of Maslow’s hierarchy. These include the need for biological maintenance, food, water, and sustenance, wages, and retirement plans. According to this study, individuals rank salary as one of the top factors when considering a job. Simple items such as a roomy workspace, clean air, keyboard and mouse can make for a happier employee as well as allow them to perform their work without distraction. With this in mind, many companies provide free food for this staff to satisfy this need and keep them

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