Essay on Different Types of Theories in Intelligence

878 Words Apr 19th, 2013 4 Pages
Different Types of Theories in Intelligence
2March, 2013

There are different types of theories for intelligence. “Intelligence is the underlying ability to understand the world and cope with it challenges” (Rathus, 2008-2009 pg. 174 para 7). Spearman, Gardner, Sternberg, and Salovey/Mayer explains these different types of theories. Some intelligence is a natural type of common knowledge.
“Charles Spearman (1904) suggested that the behaviors we consider intelligent have a common underlying factor that he labeled for general intelligence and specific intelligence. He labored the two types of intelligence, “g” for general intelligence and “s” for specific intelligence” (Rathus, 2008-2009 pg. 175 para 2). A person that has general
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This type of intelligence solves problems and acquires new knowledge by encoding information, combining and comparing bits of information between two or more subjects (Rathus, 2008-2009 pg. 176 para 1). Good example of this type of problems solving is combining and comparing the assassination between Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy. They were both assassinated in the sixties. Lincoln was assassinated in the Ford’s Theater and Kennedy was assassinated in a car that was a ford. Both of their last names are seven letters long. This is called encoding the elements. “Creative intelligence is the ability to cope with novel situation and generate many possible solutions to problems” (Rathus, 2008-2009) (Sternberg, 2001) pg. 176 para3). This is a type of intelligence is to figure out the similarities and differences between subjects. My daughter is three years old and she already has a creative intelligence that became natural. She lines up her toys in order by color. She also stacks plastic cups until they fall over. She already knows the similarities and the differences between her toys. “Practical intelligence enables people to deal with other people, including difficult people, and the meet the demands of their environment” (Rathus, 2008-2009) (Sternberg, 2001) pg. 176 para4). I, for an example have had difficult bosses in the past. I had to learn what they wanted and their expectations. Sometimes it was hard because the differences of culture, but
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