Different Way Of Understanding State

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STATE: The term state incorporates a number of range of things, a assembly of institutions, a provincial unit, an instrument of oppression and coercion and the list goes on. There are different way of understanding State, The Idealistic approach is given by G.W.F. Hegel identifies the moments of social existence : THE FAMILY ,THE CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE STATE. He argued that in State there exist a universal altruism and it as an ethical community underpinned by mutual sympathy. But the biggest drawback of this approach is that it is uncritical in nature and by defining it ethical it could not distinguish between the institutions that are inside and outside the state. According to functionalist approach state focuses on role and functions of…show more content…
Thomas Hobbes portrayed the state as being Leviathan, a gigantic monster. 2. The state institutions are ‘Public’ : All the institutions under state is public in nature and serves the society as whole and are responsible for making collective decisions. 3. The state is an instrument of domination:- State authorities make sure that their laws, regulations are followed and impose them on the citizen of the state in which the transgressors are punished. Weber said “It is a monopoly of “legitimate violence” therefore the [practical expression of state sovereignty.” 4. The state is an exercise of legitimation: The decisions of the state are of the supreme importance and authority as it Is assumed that the decisions taken by them are for the greater good and in public interest. 5.The state is a territorial association : The dominion of the state is geographically defined and encompasses all those who live within the state boundaries whether its citizens or non-citizens. J. W. Garner gives a very all-inclusive definition of the state, holds the view that the state as a concept of political science public law, is a community of persons, more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, independent, nearly so, of external control and possessing an organized government to which the great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.” It
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