Differentiated Instruction–Literature Review.By Teri Daniel.

1688 WordsMar 26, 20177 Pages
Differentiated Instruction–Literature Review By Teri Daniel Introduction – What is Differentiated Instruction? Students are different, just like people are different. There are many varied groups of students in one classroom. Differentiated instruction is a process for teaching and learning for students of differing abilities in the same class (Hall et al., 2011). The intent of differentiating instruction is to maximize each student’s growth, and individual success by meeting each student where he or she is, and assisting in the learning process (Hall et al., 2011). Instruction is differentiated in classrooms through content, process, products, and learning environment. Teachers must adapt curriculum and lesson planning to meet…show more content…
He rejected the idea that children are primarily motivated by rewards and punishments, rather, children are motivated by what they are most interested in. Often misrepresented to be associated with child-centered education (1899.) In 1968, Fred Keller introduced the Keller Plan, to help students in Brazil master content at their own pace. Curriculum was short units of written texts that students moved thru at their own pace, and then took a test. If they failed a test, they repeat coursework until they could demonstrate mastery. Students in these PSI courses (Keller Plan) “learn course content better, remember it longer, and like the experience more than students in traditional classes,” (Fox, 2004). In 1978, Lev Vygotsky conducted research in child psychology in the 1920s, but his work did not reach the USA until 1978. He states: “Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological).” (Vygotsky, 1978). He thought curriculum should be interactive, teachers should scaffold by students performance, and assessment range on zone of proximal development. This zone is where kids learn and described as what children can do at their actual development and what they can do with help is their level of potential
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