Digestive Case Study

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Digestive Case Study: A Case Of Acute Pancreatitis
Describe the Anatomical location of the Pancreas relative to the other organs in the upper portion of the abdominal cavity. The pancreas is an “elongated, tapered” organ that sits behind the stomach, across the back of the abdomen. The widest part of the pancreas is called the head and lies in the curve of the duodenum (1st section of s. intestine). The body of the pancreas extends slightly upward, and the tail of the pancreas ends near the spleen.
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/liver_biliary_pancreatic_disease/pancreas_anatomy_function/Pages/index.aspx
Describe the functional anatomy of the duct system that conveys bile from the
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The exocrine section of the pancreas plays a big role in digestion. Partially digested food is released into the duodenum by the stomach (called chyme). Pancreatic juice is secreted by the stomach and along with bile, helps the body to digest fats, carbs, and proteins.
Cloe Adam. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/417469-what-causes-the-release-of-pancreatic-juice-bile/

Explain why proteases are secreted in an inactive state and describe the means by which proteases are activated in the stomach and small intestine. Proteases are a group of enzymes whose function is to break down peptide bonds of proteins. They are important in digestion because they break down protein to release the amino acids needed by the body. Proteases are a rather dangerous enzyme to have in the cells and being inactive is a way for the cells to safely handle the enzyme. Trypsin and chymotrypsin are two major pancreatic proteases, they are synthesized in the pancreas and secreted into the lumen of the sm. intestine.
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.enzymeessentials.com/HTML/proteases.html
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.physiologymodels.info/digestion/proteins.htm
6. What is pancreatitis and what is the basic mechanism that underlies the condition. Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, it can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (permanent). The exact cause is unknown, but predisposing
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