Digital Immigrants, Digital Natives: Myth or Reality? Essay

1040 Words 5 Pages
Introduction
Firstly recorded in the report of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) survey in 1995, (Servon, 2002), the term Digital Divide presents an interesting quandary of information and communication technologies (ICT) disparities among countries in the world, especially between developed and developing countries. Many reports even showed that access to ICT in these information “have” and “have-nots” countries was unequally even (Bridges.org, 2001; Fuchs & Horak, 2008; Norris, 2001 ; Van Dijk, 2009). Nonetheless, though inequities in access to ICT are most evident across countries, the same pattern is found within the countries themselves. In the U.S, for example, the gap in ICT access does exist
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In my poster, I used an image of old lady from Swongled Media (2008) to represent the concept of digital immigrants. Prensky (2001a, p. 8 ), in his first article “Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants”, describes this term as those older generations “who were not born into the digital world”. After years of living in “pre-digital lifestyles” (Selwyn, 2009, p. 369 ), the digital immigrants have been transformed into a group of “asylum seekers” in digital media world (Byne & Ross, 2007, p. 4 ). It means that these older people are forced to adapt if they really want to be connected. Likewise, even though some of digital immigrants can use technology, most of them still consider it as “something foreign” (Kennedy et al., 2008). Consequently, the digital immigrants may find online experience “anarchic, superficial and/or threatening” (Dufresne & Bethke, 2005), due to their entrenched value in traditional discourse of information gathering. O’Hara and Steven (2006, p. 88) even claims that the digital immigrants require more attention due to their ICT skills which are “second hand, slightly forced and has to be learned”. In other words, digital immigrants are seen as groups of people who are older and less familiar as well as uncomfortable with technology. Following to that, the divergent notion of digital immigrants is digital natives. I portrayed this concept by using an image from Rachel

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