Directive Principles of State Policy

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Q. 1. What are the Directive Principles of State Policy ?
Ans. The Directive Principles of State Policy are those moral principles which are fundamental in the governance of the country. They are the instruments of instructions for the guidance of the rulers, both at the. Centre and the State levels, for the establishment of a just ond egalitarian society in India.

Q. 2. What is the aim of Directive Principles of State Policy ?
Ans. Their aim is to establish a welfare state in our country.

Q. 3. From which country have we borrowed these Directive Principles of State Policy? Ans. We have borrowed these Directive Principles from Ireland which itself had borrowed them from the Republican Constitution
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(ii) Article 38 says "The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may, a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life." and strive in particular, to minimise the inequalities in income and endeavour to "eliminate in equalities in status, facilities and opportunities". (iii) Article 39 says "The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing (a) That the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood. (b) That the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to sub serve the common good. (c) That the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment. (d) That there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women. (e) That the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength.
That childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment. (iv) Article 40 lays down that "The
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