Disability Is An Umbrella Term

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Definition :

Disability “is an umbrella term” covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. “Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. “(WHO)
Disability can be mental or physical .The various types of disability are seeing ,hearing ,speech and in movement In the year 2011 mental retardation,any other and multiple disability were added to it.

PWD trends in India:

Between the years 2001 and 2011 there has been slight increase in the proportion of PWD higher among the males but decadal increase in the proportion is higher among the females .It has been observed that visual and hearing disability as well as multiple disability is seen more in the females than the males. Rest there is preponderance to the males.

Disabled Population by Sex and Residence India, 2011
Residence
Persons
Males
Females rural 18,631,921
10,408,168
8,223,753 urban 8,178,636
4,578,034
3,600,602 total 26,810,557
14,986,202
11,824,355

Does PWD have a gender dimension?

A man with a disability is considered as fail to measure as per the general culture definition of masculinity that is autonomy,
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