Disability, Social, And Person Centered Perspective

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According to the Americans With Disabilities Act, an individual with a disability is a person who has a physical or mental impairment that significantly limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment (Anon. 1999). When evaluating disability there are numerous perspectives on it; medical, social, and person centered perspective. Each perspective has its individual ways of addressing the concept of disability.

Medical
From the medical perspective, American sociologist Talcott Parson’s developed the concept of the sick role in 1951. Parson’s “sick role” of disability is not a good model of disability. It is a technique used to explain rights and responsibilities of those who are ill. This is a necessary view because a person who is diagnosed with a medical condition cannot always fulfill the same duties of a healthy person. Person’s theory goes on to explain that this helps society adapt to the situation. Furthermore, it allows for a reasonable amount of deviation from behavior that would be viewed as typical of a well person.
However, Parson’s “sick role” of disability is not a good model of disability. However, it is necessary in the case of health care professionals. Medicine is not equipped to deal with the problems of disability. Medical intervention has been focused on treating acute rather than chronic conditions. As a result, the concept of the
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