Disability Term Paper

1491 WordsDec 31, 20106 Pages
INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY 1 Running head: DISABILITY TERM PAPER Disability Term Paper By Jose A. Rosario Student # 700316 Central Texas College For Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for SOCI 1301 Introduction to Sociology Submitted to Dr. Duffy December 7, 2010 INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY 2 INTRODUCTION This paper demonstrates that hitherto sociological analyses of disability have been theoretically and methodologically inadequate. It is written that sociology, in common with the other major contemporary disciplines, has accepted almost without question the legitimacy of the individualistic biomedical approach to disability. It is argued that this partial and essentially 'non-disabled' reading of the phenomenon has succeeded in…show more content…
Subsequent work within the international context by Wood and Badley (1978) and Wood (1981) resulted in the adoption of this typology by the World Health Organization (WHO); it has dominated sociological analyses and social policy research ever since. Changing Perceptions of Disability. Within the context of these developments disabled writers, both in Britain and in America, began to challenge the orthodox wisdom and traditional individualistic, essentially medical approaches to disability and rehabilitation. In Britain, in the early 1960s the disabled activist Paul Hunt put together twelve essays on the experience of disability emphasizing the social nature of the phenomenon entitled 'Stigma; The Experience of Disability' (1966). In America, Robert Scott (1970) questioned the logic of the creation of ‘social deviants' in the interactions between rehabilitation professionals and people with impairments. His study of INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY 6 'blindness workers' describes how they make 'blind men out of people who cannot see' by the imposition of blindness related behavior and attitudes which conform to experts' perceptions of blind people. For Scott this represents a form of enforced socialization in which the person with the
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