Disaster Management : Mitigation And Mitigation

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Disaster Management Concepts Mitigation Mitigation, also known as prevention, refers to the steps taken in an effort to reduce the likelihood of a disaster, and/or lessen the consequences should one occur. Preparedness Preparedness provides people with the means necessary to best prepare and take meaningful action during times of disaster, therefore minimising the adverse effects of a hazard. Response Response encompasses the direct actions taken during a disaster that has, or is still occurring, to prevent further suffering and financial loss. (Coppola 2011) Preparedness and response are performed in reaction to hazards, whereas mitigation is the only action that has the potential to directly reduce the likelihood, or the consequences of a hazard occurring in the first place. Mitigation can have long lasting implications, unlike recovery which only yields temporary results at a very high cost. This makes mitigation a valuable tool for disaster management, with its significance in disaster relief efforts becoming increasingly recognised. There is a noticeable shift among the international disaster management community to focus more heavily on mitigation and pre-disaster management efforts (Coppola 2011). Mitigation in South Asia Despite global recognition of the benefits of mitigation, it is of little surprise that South Asian countries, which are ranked at the lower end of the UN Development Index (India 142nd , Bangladesh 147th
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