Disaster Management: Public Involvement in Disaster Risk Reduction

812 Words 4 Pages
Disaster management has become a hot issue in urban development and human security since threats from hazards and vulnerability are increasing, and have caused the damage from natural disasters to become more severe, and it has become crucial to lower the socio-economic loss. “Disaster,” is defined as a serious disruption to the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and having an impact which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources (UNISDR, 2009). “Hazards,” are defined as a dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihood and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage (UNISDR, 2009). In 2005, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) established a model for disaster management called the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA). This framework was determined to be the baseline of disaster management, and community involvement towards disaster management, thus it became a crucial aspect of tackling threats from disasters and hazards in the peaceful time of the non-disaster phase. The Hyogo Framework for Action stated that approaches such as increasing capacities of community members in disaster preparedness, adaptive behaviors to reducing risks, knowledge transfer from disaster stakeholders, and concern from the…