Disaster Management in Pakistan

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN Introduction 1. Due to diverse geo-climatic conditions prevalent in different parts of the globe, different types of natural disasters like floods, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones, landslides, and volcanoes etc may strike according to the vulnerability of the area. 2. Pakistan, due to its diverse range of terrain, is susceptible to wide ranging hazards from droughts to floods and earthquakes to cyclones. Pakistan suffered a major drought from 1995-2000. Pakistan almost every year suffers from floods but the destructions faced in 2010 have changed parameters of our thinking. Pakistan has also experienced earthquakes ranging from moderate to severe in intensity. Despite all these hazards, Pakistan is yet to…show more content…
This comprises all forms of activities, including structural and non-structural measures to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) adverse effects of hazards[4]. 7. Disaster Management Operation Cycle. Purpose of ‘Disaster Management Cycle’ is to ensure pre and post disaster measures. Phases of ‘Disaster Management Cycle’ normally overlap and their length depends on magnitude of disaster[5]:- a. Prevention. Actions taken to minimize adverse impact of disasters. These including structural measures like building of flood defences and non-structural measures like training etcetera. Public awareness related to disaster risk reduction, contribute in promoting a "culture of prevention" by changing attitudes. It revolves around civil institutions responsible to prevent disasters. b. Preparation. Specific measures taken before disasters strike, to ensure effective response constitute preparation. This phase may include specific contingency planning, emergency exercises, training, installation and use of warning systems. c. Rescue and Relief. Provision of assistance during or immediately after a disaster to save lives and meet basic subsistence needs of affected people, constitutes ‘Rescue and Relief’. (1) Rescue. It is the first operation that follows a disaster. It has three distinct
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