Disaster Planning And Preparedness For Disasters

Decent Essays
Every year in the United States, disasters, whether catastrophes on a national scale such as the 2006 Hurricane Katrina or more localized disasters like the 2013 Northern Colorado floods devastate communities by taking the lives of hundreds of people, and injuring thousands more. In additional to the emotional and mental toll disasters have on communities and individuals, the total cost of disasters is continuously increasing to an extent that the public has a difficulty comprehending. Nationwide, taxpayers pay billions of dollars annually to help communities, organizations, businesses, and individuals recover from disasters. These monies only partially reflect the true cost of disasters, because additional expenses to private insurance companies and nongovernmental organizations are not reimbursed by tax dollars. The lasting financial, physical and emotional damage inflicted by disasters become all the more tragic with the consideration that many disasters are not only predictable, but are preventable with the foresight of adequate planning and preparedness for disasters. In addition to significant increased potential to save lives and prevent injuries, adequate disaster planning has been shown to save, on average, $4 per every dollar spent on preparedness efforts (National Institute of Building Science Multi-Hazard Mitigation Council 2005). A statistically higher level of vulnerability of ethnic minorities is often addressed in disaster literature. “The social and
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