Disasters Caused By Extreme Weather

991 WordsDec 9, 20164 Pages
In 21st century, more frequently crisis caused by extreme weather let us realized our inability. We can not only deal with the terrible consequences caused by disaster, we need to find a method to reduce the damage of disaster. “Resilience” is put forward to deal with the natural disaster. As the greenhouse effect aggravates, frozen earth begins to melt, sea level starts to rise and precipitation patterns are changing. Followed by extreme weather, such as hurricane, tsunami, flood, extreme heat, drought, and tornado, becomes more frequent and more intense, additionally more difficult to be predicted. Due to this, in past ten years, natural disaster affects over 220 million people, and over 100 million US dollars are damaged per year; only in 2011, economic damage caused by urban disaster at over 380 billion US dollars. However, the largest damage is not the direct economic losses, but the cost of post-disaster reconstruction. The worst thing is, for some place which has chronic or frequent crises, for instance the drought in Horn of Africa, tsunami in Hawaiian Islands, hurricane in Louisiana and Florida, require deal with the threats frequently, rather than only deal with the consequences. “Is one that has developed capacities to help absorb future shocks and stresses to its social, economic, and technical systems and infrastructures so as to still be able to maintain essentially the same functions, structures, systems, and identity.” It is a kind of ability of city to
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