Discourse Analysis on Winston Churchill and Tony Blair

2833 Words May 1st, 2013 12 Pages
Section 1
1.1 In this essay, I will be conducting a discourse analysis on a speech made by Winston Churchill in the 1940s, when he informed the British public that they will be entering war. I will use sociological research which examines the discourse of politics to supply context for this speech. My research topic is to discover in this essay is how Prime Ministers use persuasive techniques to win the support of the people. To achieve this, I will be comparing Churchill’s speech to Tony Blair’s speech in 2003 when he declared war on Iraq, to see what changes and similarities of discourses there are, regarding persuading and gaining the support of the people.
1.2 The consideration of the audience and their specific thoughts and
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It becomes apparent that Churchill’s key intention here is to persuade the nation in becoming actively involved in the war. His reasons of calling upon the nation as a whole were because all men were needed to fight, not just those who were in the army. Churchill was possibly attempting to involve every individual in the war, as his speech shows, “There will be many men and women on this island who when the ordeal comes upon them, as come it will, will feel comfort and even pride that they are sharing the perils of the lads at the front.” (13.05.40.) He convinces the country to remain optimistic by saying “We may look with confidence to the stabilization of the front in France.” (13.05.40). On the 4th June 1940, Churchill spoke to the House of Commons; who were his target audience, however there was also the wider audience of the nation. Conscious that the speech would be made public, Churchill did not exclusively turn to the audience - members of the House of Commons but rather he was addressing the outside audience with a clear goal to diminish the will of resistance among the British and conveying out a message to the USA to join the war with Britain.
The speech made by Tony Blair to the House of Commons on 18th March 2003, was most likely one of the most important speeches of his years as the Prime Minister. This was a speech with the sole intention to persuade his audience – Parliament - to vote for Britain to participate in the war in

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