Discrimination And Discrimination Against Minority Groups

1034 Words Dec 7th, 2014 5 Pages
Nowadays discrimination still exists throughout the world and in particular in the work and education sectors. “Discrimination stifles opportunities, wasting the human talent needed for economic progress, and accentuates social tensions and inequalities” (International Labour Organization). That’s why the existence and especially the persistence of racial or sexist discrimination have led to the introduction of new policies in many countries. Indeed, in order to fight the issue of discrimination and redress the injustices, the positive discrimination concept has been introduced. This term, also named affirmative action, was first used by President Kennedy in 1961 in the United States. Its goal is “to overcome disadvantage over and above whatever is required to prevent actual discrimination against minority groups” (E.Burney 1988: 1). In other words, this measure tries to give more to those who have less in order to put everyone on an equal footing.
Affirmative action policies mainly focus on education and employment. For instance in higher education, thanks to the positive action policy, an equal access to education is provided for groups who are generally excluded or underrepresented (National Conference of State Legislatures 2014).
In this paper the advantages and the disadvantages of positive discrimination will be shown.

As the name suggests, positive discrimination implies discrimination. In fact, one of its disadvantages is the fact that its aim is to end…
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