Discuss How Nationalism Spread Across Europe with Napoleon but Was Repressed for a Generation Under the Congress of Vienna and Concert of Europe Until the Revolutions of 1848
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Nationalism was formed with the idea that a nation is made up of people who are joined together by common language, customs, cultures and history. It held the belief that one should be loyal to the people of their nation, not a king or empire. Nationalists believed that people of a single nationality should unite under a single government. The concept of Nationalism emerged in the French Revolution and was spread to the rest of Europe by Napoleon’s conquests. Nationalism was used by Napoleon to make France a great power in Europe. Nationalism helped France to develop a national language which was taught in schools to replace local dialects. This unification of language helped the people of France to feel closer to each other, with…show more content… First he wanted to surround France with strong countries to prevent further aggression by them. Second he wanted to restore a balance of power so that no country would be threatened by another and last he wanted to restore Europe’s royal families to the throne. The Congress of Vienna was a victory for the kings and royal families. Some countries had constitutional monarchies while others were absolute monarchies. The rulers of Europe were concerned about the legacy of the French Revolution and worried about revolutions starting elsewhere. Despite their efforts, the leaders of the Congress of Vienna could not make people forget and although the first try at Nationalism had failed, it set new political ideas in motion. Metternich devised a series of alliances called the Concert of Europe which ensured that nations would help one another out if any revolution broke out. Across Europe, conservatives kept a firm hold on the governments.
The Congress of Vienna influenced world politics for the next 100 years. Their effort to maintain a balance of power diminished the power of France and increased both Britain and Prussia’s power. Internationally the Congress of Vienna was successful. For the next century European countries seldom turned to war to solve their differences. Within counties though, revolutions were erupting. In the first half of the 1800’s there were three schools of political followings; conservative, liberal and radical. The