Discuss The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Division Of Labor

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For supporting trade as well as economic interdependence, division of labor creates opportunities for individual cooperations to cooperate and improve manufacturing and individual labor productivity. While the corporations can maximize their benefits through surplus value owing to selling product, the workers have opportunities to get job more easily as well as professional working enviroment by using modern technology, however, exploitation, effecting workers’ health and uninspiring job significantly influence on the workers and even labor productivity. It can be argued that the benefits, workers get from division of labor, is not considerable.
According to Adam Smith (1976), there are three main advantages of the division of labor. Firstly,
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The workers, who have wide and deep knowledge and skill at a particular field, will shorten working time as well as increasing labor productivity. Beside that, in order to concentrate on renovated product including structure and system, the factory will recruit and retain highly qualified and skilled employees to maintain the top of industrial position ((Liu & Shang, 2012). For the workers, the firms carry out new invested trategy, which supply them with “long-term employment security, stable salary expectations and better welfare in order to achieve their long-term development goals” (Liu & Shang, 2012). However, they have to do the same work day by day, gradually, they are lost interest and enthusiastic in their work.
“To coordinate with the machine technology investment, advanced corporate employers will invest a lot in skills traning for workers. Substantial investments in turn exhance employers’ ability to improve human resources management policies to guarantee the long-term contractual relationship between workers does not mean a reduction in their ptofits but is a premise for capital to earn profits. Under such conditions, technological workersm as an important way for value-added, are favourably treated by capital in some extent, and become the core labor group.
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