Discuss The Critical Pentateuchal Authorship Arguments ( Fragmentary, Supplementary, And Documentary )
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Discuss the critical Pentateuchal authorship arguments (fragmentary, supplementary, and documentary). Include the names of significant scholars.
When it says ‘pentateuchal, it is talking about the first five books of the bible. These includes Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy; in that order. In the article Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch from Theopedia.com says that not only are the first five books referred to as the ‘Books of Moses’ but there are a lot of different sources of support. For instance there are passages in the Pentateuch itself that shows evidence of Moses recording what is happening. Exodus 24:4 says, “ And Moses wrote all the words of the Lord” (Testament). Numbers 33:2 and Exodus 17:14 also show…show more content… Jesus attests to Moses writing in John 5:46 where it says, “For had ye believed in Moses, ye would have believed in me: for he wrote of me”. Paul attests to Moses writing in Romans 10:5 where it states, “For Moses describe the righteousness which is of the law, THAT THE MAN WHICH DOETH THOSE THINGS SHALL LIVE BY THEM”. John 1:45 shows where Philip even attests to Moses writing by saying,” Philip findeth Nathanael and saith unto him, We have found him, of who, Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph (Holy) (Testament). The books are referred to as the “Book of the Law of Moses” 4 times, the “Book of Moses” 5 times, the “Law of Moses” 22 times, and the “Word of the Lord by Moses” once. The content is attributed to Moses over 32 times (Testaments). Although Moses is regarded as the primary author of the Pentateuch, significant clues have been given to indicate that all five books were not written by him. This indeed, is a problematic issue because if Moses is in fact not the author of the Pentateuch, then the Bible becomes a questionable and a dubious source of legitimacy. According to Whybray, “The phenomenon of the lack of consistency and unity manifested in the Pentateuch appeared to be a literary problem” (17). In other words, it is hard to credit Moses for writing all five books because the stories do not all agree. Rather, they