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Discuss Theories Of The Science Interpretation And Purpose Of Our Dreams

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Over the centuries people have attempted to discover the meaning of dreams. Early civilizations thought they were real physical worlds that you could enter from a dream state. During these times dreams were felt to be a way to connect with a higher power, in fact some were convinced dreams were a way to prophecies events. However it wasn't until the late nineteenth century that Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung introduced what are still the most widely known theories of dreams. In current studies the use of technology has advanced our understanding of the dream state: brain activity, neuroscience, effective medications and lucid dreaming. This paper will examine different theories of the science, interpretation and purpose of our dreams. Science has shown us that when we sleep there are five sleep stages. These stages move from light sleep to deep sleep and finally ending in REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. REM sleep periods occur approximately every sixty to ninety minuets through out the night. This is where the dreams are the most vivid and most often remembered. The REM sleep stage is characterized by rapid eye movement, increase heart rate and breathing, and elevated blood pressure. In an eight hour night there may be four to six dream periods, which is surprising since you often cannot remember even one…show more content…
Recent research has proven this to be false and that the brain is actually highly active during sleep. In fact the brain during REM sleep can be more active than when we are awake. J. Allan Hobson and Robert McClarley came up with the activation-synthesis model. They theorized that, “…circuits in the brain become activated during REM sleep, areas of the limbic system including the amygdala and hippocampus (the parts of the brain involved in emotions, sensations and memories) also becomes active” (Mastin). This is one theory of how and why dreams
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