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Discuss Why The Lau (1974) And Castañeda (1981) Decisions

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Discuss why the Lau (1974) and Castañeda (1981) decisions were so important in the trajectory of emergent bilinguals. What kinds of programs were created? Describe a few of them. Roy Castaneda, a father of two Mexican-American students sued Raymondville ISD (Castaneda vs. Raymondville ISD) on the basis that his children were discriminated against because of their ethnicity and argued that his children were being segregated in the classroom because the school did not provide sufficient bilingual programs that would allow his children to overcome the language barriers that they experienced at school, which prevented them from participating in the classroom like their peers were doing. The Supreme Court ended up ruling in favor of the…show more content…
This set the precedent of allowing increased funding as the Bilingual Education Act made additional English instruction mandatory. Programs such as ESL classes and sheltered immersion were created to help these students make connections between the content and the language that they are learning. ESL classes have specialists come to the classroom to help the student, while sheltered immersion classes have more specialized teachers that can help facilitate the connections between the students’ native language and English so that they are able to understand the importance of the content they are learning.

2. Describe Kai-fong/Ken’s educational/social/familial trajectory in the Fillmore article. What does the author recommend teachers should do to combat some of the negative forces that affected Kai-fong/Ken?
Ken dropped out of school because he did not meet the expectations that everyone had for him after losing the motivation to finish after falling so far behind his peers, which led him to feel that getting a job or an education was not important. Fillmore found that “the school had no bilingual or ESL classes, so non-English speakers like Kai-fong and Chu-mei were simply placed in regular classes where it was assumed they would learn English.” (pg.93) The lack of these educational resources gave these children an educational disadvantage and allowed them to struggle while their peers were excelling. Fillmore believed that students should be pushed to attend
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