Discuss the Key Political and Social Issues of the Post-War Era (Ie. During the Attle Government 1945-1951)
1000 WordsMar 10, 20134 Pages
• Women played a major role in WW2 and were permanent in the industries now.
• Political conflict between the war time coalition governments Churchill PM Conservative, Attlee DPM Labour:
1) The war-time coalition between the Conservatives (led by PM Winston Churchill) and Labour (led by Deputy PM Clement Attlee) broke up in 1945 over the question of the nature of the British society in the future.
2) The Conservatives would have been happy for a return to the inter-war practice of leaving private enterprise to its own devices and limiting the state to tasks that were absolutely essential in maintaining public order and safety.
3) Labour, on the other hand, won the 1945 election on a distinctly socialist Manifesto.…show more content…
d) Founding the Welsh Office (1964) and conducting a Local Government Reform 1968/69, to improve flexibility and efficiency in territorial governance.
2) Nevertheless, the economy went into recession – part of it home-made, as British investors felt unduly pressured by Wilson to join in his plans and therefore refused to invest. Another problem was the reduction in the trade with Commonwealth countries. After the “Year of Independence” (1960) many former colonies reduced or severed their links with Britain, while on the other hand links with the EEC could not take up the slack as Britain was not yet a member.
3) Despite this crisis, the unions (much stronger than now) forced the Labour government to agree to ever increasing social expenditure, wage increases in the (comparatively huge) public sector, and price controls. One consequence was a galloping inflation and the eventual first devaluation of the Pound (1967). Britain’s early attempts to join the EEC, reluctantly spearheaded by Wilson, failed because of de Gaulle’s veto.
• Loss of life and health – war victims needed to be comforted and helped with re-building their lives
• Food and other everyday goods: need to increase production to end rationing at the earliest opportunity (most rationing abolished by 1952, finally gone by 1956)