Discuss the Political, Social, and Economic Impact of the Civil War on the Us.

729 Words Feb 20th, 2011 3 Pages
The costs of the Civil War were enormous. The total number of military causalities on both sides exceeded 1 million. More men died in the Civil War than in all other American wars combined until Vietnam. However, the Civil War impacted the United States well beyond just deaths. The Civil war brought fundamental alterations in the life of the nation, changing the economy, the political landscape, as well as ways of life.
Economically, wartime measures had introduced new federal involvement in both he banking and transportation systems. The National Bank Acts of 1863, 1864, and 1865 helped to create a uniform currency in the nation. It also forced many major state institutions to join the national system. This gave the federal
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However, this did not grant them any rights nor did it grant them equality in any form. The executive offense definitely expanded its power, exercising martial law as well as suspending habeas corpus during the war. Constitutionally, this war shut the door on secession for it was determined as unconstitutional. Nullification also no longer existed, showing that federal law was supreme. State government must yield to the federal government. The only way to change a law that a state legislature disagrees with is by bringing it before the Supreme Court. Other than this, the state was not allowed to decide on the constitutionality a federal law. The federal government also extended its reach into the economic realm by implementing the National Banking Acts which gave it more power in the economy.
Life during and after the Civil War shifted drastically. Life the south has dramatically altered. Greater awareness of class inequality came about as there were unfair draft laws. The Civil War in the south was truly the rich man’s war, but the poor man’s battle. Many of the ordinary folks sacrificed necessities, while the rich only had to give up their luxuries at most. The south soon also realized that the semi-subsistence culture would not work if they wanted to become independent or fight this modern war against the North. So, the South had to turn to industrialization. Along with the…