Discuss the Relationship Between Lincoln's Goals of Preserving the Union and Freeing the Slaves.

1455 Words Mar 1st, 2011 6 Pages
DBQ Civil War Essay

In the time period of 1862 to 1865, when Lincoln takes office in March 4th to his assassination, the United States was dealing with the issues of preserving the Union. In determining whether Lincoln’s goals to preserve the Union by freeing the slaves, one must assess the knowledge of their relationship. Politically, President Lincoln tried to convince the political groups that abolishing slavery would help preserve the Union; intellectually, he gave the idea of ending slavery to the citizens through speeches; and socially, after Lincoln freed the slaves, they were pursued to join the war for the Union’s cause. In order for Lincoln to save the Union, he would find it inevitable to end the slavery issue.
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In Document B, Lincoln gives his speech to a religious group in Chicago, before the Emancipation Proclamation was put into effect. There he was selling the idea that the blacks should be freed, but making sure that his audience knew what precautions he wanted to avoid (e.g., arming the blacks, which could lead to the hands of the rebels stated in Document B). In another speech, in Document E, Lincoln is reciting a speech to the Democratic Party, his opposing party; which shows that he was talking to all groups, not just his own. He tells the Democrats, that they cannot avoid slavery if they want to preserve the Union. He stated in Document E, “I issued the proclamation on purpose to aid you in saving the Union.” Lincoln explains that the Emancipation Proclamation was put into order to help the Democrats save the Union. However, this is not really one of Lincoln’s reasons for the proclamation. He is basically just having the Democrats agree on his new order in order to help/ join the war. Lincoln uses his mind tricks to make the Democratic Party feel guilty for not aiding/fighting to free the “negroes,” quoted in Document E; which at this time in August 26, 1863, the South is winning the war. Because the South is winning the war, the Emancipation Proclamation was made to mislead/ trick Europe into entering the war. Lincoln is using his experience of being a lawyer to
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