Discuss the view that urbanisation in both the developed and the developing world is unsustainable

684 WordsMay 26, 20153 Pages
Discuss the view that urbanisation in both the developed and the developing world is unsustainable (40marks) Urbanisation is the process in which people move from a rural area to an urban area. Levels of urbanisation are determined by looking at both the population of rural and urban areas. For the first time ever in history more people live in urban areas than in rural areas. This movement shows no sign of stopping with a predicted 1.84% increase in people living in urban areas expected between 2015 and 2020. And this disparity in rural-urban growth can be a really damaging element if the urban areas of a country aren’t prepared for the influx of people. This imbalance can certainly lead to unsustainability; not just in the developing…show more content…
This meant that slum housing and cheap terraced housing was built and factories were situated near the houses in various inner city areas. This can be seen in British cities such as Manchester, Leeds and Newcastle. On the other hand, developing nations face more problems in coping with the surge in urban population. They can be unprepared for the sheer amount of inward migrants or lack funds to properly support and educate the new residents. Their urbanisation has happened in more recent years; and some may argue that it has occurred a lot faster than it did with their developed counterparts. This speed is most likely due to the technological age that we live in and the ease of travel that exists in many developing nations. Unlike the urbanisation that happened in Europe circa 1800, the migrants that are flocking to urban areas don’t need many particular skills and the work is low paid both in and out of cities. The city offers a better prospects to migrants than the fields do, and that is the prime reason why anyone would move. There are inevitable problems that arise with a densely populated urban area. One of these is the issue of waste management. Countries cope with this issue in various ways, some of the solutions are not available to developing countries to the high cost of them. In a developed country such as the United Kingdom, there are laws in place that encourage and inforce an ‘eco-friendly’ attitude towards waste disposal. Sending millions of tonnes of

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