Discussing Impression Formation Essay examples

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Impression formation and stereotypes

First impressions are considered very important. It is very common to hear people talk about the importance of giving a good first impression because that very first moment in which people see or meet someone new, shows them the kind of person they are most likely to be.
How is personality impressions formed? Do first impressions have a much greater impact on judgements than subsequent impressions?

How first impressions are formed has been a subject of interest by many researchers in the area of psychology.
Past research in this subject suggests that primacy effects exist in impression formation.

Solomon Asch (1946) conducted a study to see how people form impressions. Participants were
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Asch’s(1946) data is limited and Studies tend to be artificial and lack ecological validity. Contemporary work shows individuals are more dynamic in their use of data. Impression formation has had an influence on memory. Impression formation has implications for the self fulfilling prophesies and also leads to the question Is there a link to stereotyping?

As a society, we are all guilty of stereotyping others in respect of their differences, some of the main stereotypical groups are ethnical, age, culture, religion, sexual orientation, gender and occupation. This psychological research project will be looking at whether different job descriptions will have a positive or negative effect on likeability.
A stereotype is “...a fixed, over generalised belief about a particular group or class of people.” (Cardwell, 1996).
The use of stereotypes is a major way in which we simplify our social world; since they reduce the amount of processing, we have to do when we meet a new person.
By stereotyping we infer that a person has a whole range of characteristics and abilities that we assume all members of that group have. Stereotypes lead to social categorisation, which is one of the reasons for prejudice attitudes.

Researchers in the 1930’s were interested in how attitudes towards large social groups manifested toward individual members.

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