Dispute Systems Design : U.s. Military Special Victims

3828 WordsJul 24, 201516 Pages
Matthew Katz May 7, 2015 Dispute Systems Design - U.S. Military Special Victims ' Counsel Life in the military is quite unlike that in the civilian world. Some of the experiences of military personnel, particularly combat deployments, exemplify those differences. Other experiences are regrettably common between the two. Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and Marines face the same risks of criminal behavior by their colleagues as civilians do, including the risk of sexual assault. Between 2013 and 2015, prompted by growing public awareness and outrage over sexual assaults in the U.S. Armed Forces, Congress passed a series of reforms to the military justice system. These reforms were concentrated in three main areas: (1) limiting the discretion…show more content…
Lastly, the paper will examine alternative models for dealing with military sexual assault, comparing those proposed systems with what currently exists, and describing possible benefits, drawbacks, and political roadblocks to changing from the current model. During the year 2012, military estimates suggest that over 26,000 members of the armed services experienced unwanted sexual contact. This figure encompasses 6.1% of active duty women, and 1.2% of active duty men. Those contacts resulted in 3,604 formal reports of sexual assault being lodged with a military representative. From those reports, nearly 3/4 of victims chose to pursue criminal charges against their alleged assailants, triggering a formal investigative process. Approximately 15% of those who initially chose not to pursue charges later opted to do so. In 2014, military estimates suggest that unwanted sexual contacts declined appreciably, falling by a little more than 25% to approximately 18,900. Such incidents were believed to have affected 4.3% of women in the military and 0.9% of men. Reporting of military sexual assaults increased by over 70%, though, rising to an all-time high of 6,131. The percentage of those reports which initially sought a criminal investigation stayed the same, though the percentage of initially non-criminal reports which later sought to pursue criminal charges rose to 20%. The
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