Dispute between Japan and China

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A dispute over islands in the East China Sea has inflamed relations between Japan and China for the last two years - but they were tense even before. So I think in order to have a better understanding of why Sino-Japanese relation is that much tense all the time, we need to know the background that is history of two countries. I will start from the second Sino-Japanese War because it was the largest Asian War and the most devastating War for the Republic of China. The Nanking Massacre, also known as the rape of Nanking, was a mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against Nanking during the Second Sino-Japanese War, which also happened during the World War Two. The massacre started from December 13, 1937 and it lasted six weeks. During this period, tens of thousands of Chinese civilians and disarmed combatants were murdered by soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army. And widespread rape and looting also occurred. There is not an accurate estimation of the death roll in the massacre, because most of Japanese military records on the killings were destroyed or kept secret for some reasons. Chang who published her book The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II, wrote of the death toll estimates given by different sources; “Chinese military specialist Liu Fang-chu proposed a figure of 430,000, officials at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall and the procurator of the District Court of Nanjing in 1946 stated at least 300,000 were killed,
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