Dissociative Disorders

863 Words Jun 23rd, 2018 4 Pages
The Dissociative Disorders category of the DSM-IV-TR, is characterized by a disruption in the functions of perception, identity, consciousness, or memory. The disorders in the Dissociative Disorders category include Dissociative Amnesia, Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), Depersonalization Disorder and Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified.
All of the disorders in the Dissociative Disorders category need to be distinguished from conditions which are due to a General Medical Condition or the use of a Substance. Moreover, Dissociative Amnesia is within the diagnostic criteria for Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Acute Stress Disorder and Somatization Disorder;
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If a person describes a pathological trance or possession trance of external spirits or entities taking control over his body, then he would get a diagnosis of Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified instead of DID. DID resembles other disorders such as Schizophrenia, other Psychotic Disorders, Bipolar Disorder with Rapid Cycling, Anxiety Disorders, Somatization Disorders and Personality Disorders; however, DID can be distinguished from the aforementioned disorders by the presence of clear-cut dissociative symptomology. Additionally, DID is differentiated from Malingering when a person seeks forensic or financial gain. Lastly, DID is distinguished from Factitious Disorder which is when there may be a pattern of help-seeking behavior.
Another disorder in the Dissociative Disorder category is Depersonalization Disorder, which should be differentiated from Acute Intoxication or Withdrawal. Dissociative Disorder should not be diagnosed in conjunction with Panic Disorder, Social Phobia, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or Acute Stress Disorder when the depersonalization symptomology occurs exclusively during the presence of a Panic Attack. Furthermore, Depersonalization Disorder is distinguished from Schizophrenia because people with Depersonalization Disorder have an intact reality. A person with Depersonalization Disorder may complain of a feeling of numbness which might appear to be
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