Dissociative Identity Disorder And Multiple Personality Disorder

1399 Words Nov 24th, 2015 6 Pages
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder, is defined as “a severe condition in which two or more distinct identities, or personality states, are present in—and alternately take control of—an individual”. In 1994, the name of the disorder was changed to reflect a better understanding of the condition. DID is characterized by fragmentation, not by the growth of separate identities. DID is not a new disorder. However, it has been misunderstood for quite some time. In fact, some psychologists believe that evidence of DID had been inscribed on cave walls during the Paleolithic Era in the form of shamans turning into animals. Furthermore, experts believe that historic reports of demonic possession were actually cases of DID. In 1646, a Swiss physician named Paracelsus reported that he had met a woman who claimed that she had been robbed by her other personality who later had no memory of the robbery. This is known as the first legitimate report of Dissociative Identity Disorder. A few more cases of DID were reported after this, but in 1910, Eugen Bleuler coined the term “schizophrenia”, and suddenly the amount of DID cases significantly decreased. To this day, many people are frequently misdiagnosed with schizophrenia when they are really suffering from DID. This is one of the many reasons why experts are still conducting research regarding this disorder. There are many interesting characteristics of DID. A person with…
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