Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Academic Assignment: Dissociative Identity Disorder and its representation in the media

This essay will look at Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) and its portrayal in the media. DID was formally known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD).This essay will cover the symptoms of DID, the criteria used for diagnosis, causes and triggers of disorder, how the disorder is portrayed in the media and the reality of the disorder for sufferers.
According to the (American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders pg 519) Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of the individual’s behaviour
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This creates a second personality that becomes detached from the conscious personality. The second personality is created so that the traumas and stress of life can be dealt with and still be detached from the person.
The information found in the two books is valid sources for research because they specialize in discussing all the major aspects of the disorder and also explain some of the history behind common beliefs about the disorder.
There are various symptoms to this disorder, which include:
• Multiple mannerisms, which do not relate to each other
• Hearing voices of different personalities in their minds
• Panic attacks that are frequent
• Flashbacks to traumas
• Hallucinations
• Poor concentration
• Erratic behaviour
• Depersonalization- watching oneself while doing something and having no control over it The diagnostic criterion of Dissociative Disorder includes a number of various characteristics that a typical schizophrenic has.
The criteria for 300.14 Dissociative Identity Disorder consists of:
• The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to and thinking about the environment and self)
• At least two of these identities or personality states recurrently take control of the person’s behaviour
• Inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness
• The
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