Dissociative Identity Disorder ( Psychological Psychology ) Essay

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Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder, is a disorder characterized by having multiple personality states. Within these altered states, a person with DID will have different personal and autobiographical characteristics which distinguish the different personality states from one another. According to Susan Nolen-Hoeksema (2014), DID is one of the most controversial disorders in clinical psychology. The reason for this is many people are critical of the validity of DID as an actual disorder. There have been cases where people would claim to have altered personalities, but were in fact malingering for attention or to avoid punishment for crimes. Also, many of the symptoms of DID overlap with the criteria associated with Schizophrenia (Hoeksema, 2014). Therefore, many psychiatrists today are reluctant to diagnose people with DID because they believe their symptoms could be attributed to another disorder, and many people are critical of DID being an actual disorder is the first place. This reluctance and disapproving thought towards DID is what this paper will focus on. The aim of this paper is to prove DID is a legitimate disorder by showing the neuroanatomical and psychobiological differences between altered personality states in people diagnosed with DID. These show that there are biological differences which cannot be attributed to faking or malingering of symptoms and therefore prove DID to be a genuine, diagnosable disorder.

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