Diversity in the Galapagos Islands

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If not for Charles Darwin, shown on the right, the world might not see the Galapagos Islands how we do today. The islands hold exotic and extraordinary plants and animals. Of these animals, some are going extinct or have already gone extinct. There are many varieties of natural and introduced plant life. Charles Darwin was born February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He sailed on the HMS Beagle in 1831. He knew he was going to the Galapagos, but he didn't know that he would discover the theory of evolution. The plants on the Galapagos Island are very tropical and numerous in varietes. According to the Galapagos Conservancy there are about six hundred and forty native species of of plants on the Galapagos Islands. There are about eight hundred and twenty five introducer species. One hundred of the introduced species have become established in the wild. There are three major zones that the plants live in ; the coastal zone, the arid zone, and the highlands zone. In the coastal zone mangrove trees are very common and have an important role for bird breeding sites. The arid zone is very dry and has adapted to the drought conditions. Some of these plants that have adapted to the drought conditions are the succulent cacti and the leafless shrub, which only grows leaves in the rainy season. The humid zones are lush and green. There are mosses and epiphytes growing on trees for support. Some animals like the Galapagos penguin, shown on the right have adapted to the
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