Diversity in the Workplace

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Diversity in the Workplace
Workplaces are becoming increasingly diverse, and this is a dynamic that is causing some tension between and among employees. What are the positives and negatives of diversity in the workplace? America is a place with a great diversity of cultures, but sometimes in the workplace cultural values can clash and this paper discusses the why and how of those issues.
The Literature
Why are workplaces becoming more diverse, and why does diversity in a company sometimes result in tension and anger? R. Roosevelt Thomas Jr. writes in the journal Employment Relations Today that some companies are going out of their way to bring in workers representing a diversity of cultures, thinking that the company will be fully relevant in terms of reflecting the greater society, and the company will have a representative workforce, which is good for its public image. Thomas calls it Company XYZ. This particular company brings workers on board that are "different from its traditional personnel with respect to race, gender, ethnicity, level of experience, sexual orientation, and geographic region" (Thomas, 2001, p. 33).
Company XYZ is very proud of its corporate culture and moreover management is "convinced that [its culture] is the source of historical success and growth," so management requires that the new employees "conform to the basic cultural assumptions" (Thomas, 33). The corporation wants to institute conformity with all employees, especially
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