Dividend Policy

3214 Words Dec 1st, 2009 13 Pages
Report on Dividend policy

Case analysis on Bank

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
A dividend is a usually distributed in cash form to stock holders of a corporation approved by the board of director. It may also include stock dividend or other forms of payment. A stock dividend represents a distribution of additional shares to common stockholders. Dividends are only cash payments regularly made by corporations to their stockholders.

The dividend policy such as the payment of dividend affects the market price of share. If there is a debate in this issue, this theory is commonly accepted. In this report the relationship between dividend and the market price of share is proved in the banking sector of Bangladesh. But it is also revealed that
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We have also collected data from the securities market, different websites, different books and different journals.

LITERATURE REVIEW
Gittman (2004, pp. 312) divided stock into two types, such as common stock and preferred stock. He also showed that dividends are the outcome of investment. So, common stocks are an ownership claim against primarily real or productive asset (Higgins, 1995), but he also said that if the company prospers, stockholders are the chief beneficiaries, if it falters, they are the chief losers. Smith (1988) presented that stocks are one of the most popular forms of investment. People buy stocks for various reasons: some are interested in the long-term growth of their investment by buying low priced stock of a new company in the hope of substantially growth of share price over the next few years. Another reason he suggested that in a well established firm stockholders expect the stock growth will be stable over the long run. (Smith,1988).
Stockholders expect dividend but it is not promised (Gittman, 2004). Common stocks are hold by true owners of the business. Sometimes they are known as ‘residual owners’ as they receive whatever left after winding up of the company (Gittman, 2004; Higgins 1995). Another type of stock is known as publicly owned stock. Common stock owned by a broad group of unrelated investors or institutional investors is called as publicly owned stock. However, all common stock of a

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