Division Of Labor In Society By Emile Durkheim

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Discussion In discussion of anomie based on Durkheim’s theory I will refer to two of his common works, The Division of Labor in Society (1893/1984) and Suicide (1897/1951). Durkheim discussed anomie in terms of an abnormal form of the division of labor (Durkheim, 1984). He maintained that the division of labor is, or at least will become, the primary source of social solidarity in modern societies. Durkheim (1984) advances his theory of social transition where he argues that social order is maintained through social integration and regulations in a social equilibrium. An anomic division of labor exists where relationships between different organs of a society (or different occupational specializations) lack adequate regulation (Durkheim,…show more content…
His interest is mainly in the relationship between order in society and deviance. In his book “On Morality and society” he stresses on importance of harmony in the society and that views and interests of the people are always depicted in the laws they adopt. This might be argued with for example in the case of Rosa. He describes “the law as a concrete and objective indicator of morality…the law is restitution rather than simply repressive” (Smith, 2008). Furthermore, Durkheim believes that there is affirmation of cultural norms and values through clarification of right and wrong when a socially deviant or criminal is punished. However Jacoby in the book “Classics of Criminology” argues that society must also reward those conforming behaviors in order to maintain the existing arrangement, otherwise there would be no reason to conform (Jacoby,…show more content…
Merton expanded on the work of French sociologist Émile Durkheim on anomie with his theory on deviance and social strain. Robert K Merton argued that a society may be set up in a way that promotes too much deviance. He believed that when socially accepted goals and social norms place pressure on individual to conform, they force the person to opt to work within the societally defined structure or be a member of deviant social group in attempt to achieve those goals. Merton termed this theory strain theory. Merton believed that the societies do not provide adequate means of achieving cultural goals. Taking the case of United States, to achieve the American Dream, the American society would need to provide access to education and
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