Division Of Labour During The Industrial Revolution

912 Words Oct 26th, 2015 4 Pages
Division of labour emerged during the Industrial Revolution as people moved from rural to urban areas. As population increased the distribution of jobs and activities was divided. Durkheim argues that there are two types of division of labour – forced and spontaneous. In forced division of labour rules and regulations are very restrictive. He explains “constraint alone, more or less violent, more or less direct, henceforth binds [individuals] to these functions” (Durkheim, 1984, p. 311). Constraint, experienced through indirect force (barriers) and direct force (violence) puts individuals at risk of occupying a social position that is not aligned with their abilities and talent. Spontaneous division of labour differs from forced division of labour in the sense that rules and regulations are present; however, they are much less restrictive allowing for individuation. We are free to discover and develop our unique talents because there is nothing “that may hamper, even indirectly, the free unfolding of the social force each individual contains within himself” (Durkheim, 1984, p. 313). When Durkheim refers to anything that hampers, or indirectly affects spontaneous division of labour he is referring to three key inequalities - natural, social and external.
Natural inequalities relate to differences in ability and skill – no two individuals have an identical skill set, so inequalities must be present. Social inequalities are differences in social position, rank and status.…
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