Djibouti: How Culture in the Horn of Africa is Influencing Global Interests

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Sociologists define culture as “the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people’s way of life” (Macionis 40); but when and how are cultures developed? A society’s values and beliefs derived from their people’s ancestry, their economy or way of living in relation to their physical environment, and political situation all play active roles in forming a society’s culture. In addition, local variables alone do not develop a society’s culture in the modern era. One must not only consider the affects of globalization on a local culture, but also, contrastingly, a local culture’s ability to affect the global stage and its interactions within it. Until the rise of terrorist threats within the Horn…show more content…
The Afars who make up about thirty-five percent of the population and the Issa who make up about sixty percent of the population, were root causes of the country’s internal division and conflict (CIA 1). To compound the problem, European colonization of the region shaped the area by establishing national boundaries without regards to the ethnic groups (Djibouti 1). These two main ethnic groups aspired separate political freedoms, yet they lacked the power and resources to achieve it being poor nomadic populations (Djibouti 1). In addition, the presence of the French military also halted any internal unrest. In regards to the political history, Djibouti was known as the French Somaliland as a French colony and later the French Territory of Afar and Issas as a French territory (Gomez 1). It achieved its independence in 1977 becoming the country of Djibouti, and reigned in President Hassan Gouldled Aptidon with a republic government (Djibouti 1). In 1999, President Ismail Omar Guellah took office on the platform of economic integration. Economically, Djibouti is an impoverished nation, with seventy percent of its population poor (InterAfrica 1). The lack of education, natural resources, and industry all fuel the country’s poor economic state and its reliance on foreign aid, services, and goods (CIA 1). Historically, Djibouti relied on transport and shipment as a means of national income. The construction of the Djibouti-Addis Ababa

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