Dna Essay

794 Words4 Pages
The Interesting History and Facts of DNA
Kevin T. Hoang
James Martin High School

Abstract
This paper explores the history and some interesting facts about DNA. The last couple centuries have seen an exponential growth in our knowledge of DNA. The history of the DNA can be traced back to multiple devoted scientist. This article attempts to summarize, and review the basic history of DNA while providing some fascinating information about it.

A Brief Historic Review Throughout the early 19th and 20th century, many scientists have studied deoxyribonucleic acids in order to attain higher understanding over the matter. Johann G. Mendel had figured out and understood the laws of heredity. Friedrich Miescher discovered DNA
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The pictures were shown to James Watson and Francis Crick by Maurice Wilkins. They were then able to confirm their theory about the 3D structure of DNA. In 1962, they were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for solving the structure of DNA. The Nobel committee could not award it to Franklin because the Nobel prize could only be shared by three people and also because she was already dead (DNA from the Beginning, 2011)
Origin of the Four Bases’ Names The four names of the nitrogenous bases of the DNA are adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine. The word "adenine" was created in the late 19th century in German from the Greek words “adēn” "gland" and "in". The word "cytosine" was coined in the late 19th century from the German word "cytosin" from cyto- "cell", -ose and the chemical suffix -ine. The word "guanine" comes from the English words "guano" and "ine" and was also created in the 19th century. The word “thymine” comes from words “thymus” and the suffix -ine.
Interesting Facts Although DNA molecules seem minuscule, if all the DNA in a human body was unwound and placed from end to end, it would cover about 10 billion miles. That's approximately the same distance as traveling from the Earth to Pluto and back. (Helmenstine, 2017). If a person typed 60 words per minute, eight hours a day, it would take approximately 50 years for them to type the human

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