Dna Knowledge And Its Effects On The Human Of Individuals And Their Families

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The second half of the twentieth century was characterized by the accelerated development of biomedicine and molecular biology, obtained from DNA knowledge (De las Mercedes O 'Lery, 2006). This discovery allowed a more effective and purposeful manipulation in our genome and, therefore, the hereditary constitution of the humanity (De las Mercedes O 'Lery, 2006). The reformists defended that the eugenic measures should be voluntary and limited the scope of private decision based on the freedom of individuals and their families to exercise their reproductive rights to have children or not have them if their genetic characteristics include some kind of inherited disease (Fernández, 2009). In the 1940s and 50s, the genetic counseling gained popularity, creating the prenatal diagnosis and the therapeutic abortion, a form of abortion that became legal in the 60s in many countries (Fernández, 2009). Since 1970, eugenic practices are widespread across genetic diagnostic techniques, embryology, and molecular genetics that have had a spectacular development by implementing new techniques, such as in-vitro fertilization and DNA recombination in the Human Genome Project (Fernández, 2009). Currently, the positive eugenics is the application of molecular biological knowledge, diagnosis, and genetic intervention to search for the enrichment of our genotype in order to modify our phenotype (De las Mercedes O 'Lery, 2006). Thus, obtaining an offspring that natural selection would have

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