Dna Profiling And The National Dna Database System

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Part B: Report DNA Profiling: Is it ethical to have national DNA database system? Introduction: Today, the advancing gene technology provides humanity with numerous benefits such as Genetically Modified Food, CRISPER, and one of them is the use of DNA profiling for storing bio-information. DNA fingerprint technology allows mapping of individual’s genetic patterns that can be stored into the database system (What is DNA fingerprint? 2016). The ability to profile gene effectively, DNA fingerprinting is used as a problem-solving tool in the justice system and medical science researches. At the same time, ethical and social issues such as privacy violations, human rights and the possibility of discrimination cannot be ignored. Biological Background: It is scientifically proven that DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) contains genetic material and highly specific to individual. DNA fingerprint can be tested by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) methods and Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. Although RFLP is considered more accurate, due to the cost and requirement of longer period to complete, it is not commonly used. While only 1% of genetic materials are unique to individual, the short tandem repeats (STR) sequences called minisatellites can be used to distinguish all humans as it shows great variation between each person (What is DNA fingerprint? 2016). DNA fingerprinting technique involves a number of steps. The DNA sample from fluid, hair or any part of the
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