Do Creationism and Intelligent Design Have a Place in the Classroom?

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Surveys show that fifty percent of adults in Turkey, forty percent in the USA and fifteen percent in the UK reject the theory of evolution and believe that life on Earth came into existence as described in the religious texts (Jones and Reiss, 2007; Miller; Scott and Okamoto, 2006; Lawes, 2009). President G. W. Bush commented as follow: Both sides ought to be taught people can understand what the debate is about....Part of education is to expose people to different schools of thoughts....You’re asking me whether or not people ought to be exposed to different ideas, and the answer is yes (Baker and Slevin, 2005). However other views have been reported in the literature. Pennock (2007: 72) summarizes his position as…show more content…
In 2006, the organisation “Truth in Science” (2006) sent a free resource pack to the Head of Science in every UK secondary school and every sixth form college. “The resource pack aimed to describe and criticise Darwin’s theory of evolution on a scientific basis and suggests that the living world is intelligently designed”. At about the same time, The Atlas of Creation was published (Yahya, 2007) and widely distributed to scientists and educators around the world. These events resulted in the publication of literature examining creationism and intelligent design (Jones and Reiss, 2007; Allgaier, 2008; Allgaier, 2010; Hokayem and BouJaoude, 2008; Williams, 2008; Alexakos, 2009). Creationism and intelligent design seem to be on the increase (Graebsch and Schiermeier, 2006; Chinsamy and Plagányi, 2007; Mercer, 2007; Kutschera, 2008) and there are more countries in which schools are facing the controversy over evolution and creationism. However, the UK is the only country that has produced explicit guidance on the issues of creationism or intelligent design in the science classroom. In summer 2007, the DCSF published “Guidance on Creationism and Intelligent Design”. The report points out that the use of the word ‘theory’ in science can be misleading as it differs from the everyday meaning. In science the term is used when there is substantial evidence to support it. The Guidance goes on to state: Creationism and Intelligent Design are sometimes
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