Do Not Context Dependent Memory Affects A Person's Ability

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Introduction The aim of this experiment is to replicate study’s investigation on whether or not context-dependent memory affects a person 's ability to recall a set list of words. Context-dependent memory is the theory that memory is improved when a person is called to remember said information in the same context as when they initially learned it. This experiment is a modification of an experiment done by Katherine Mean and Linden Ball, which tested the effect of music tonality on mood and memory. The study, “Music Tonality and Context Dependent Recall: The Influence of Key Change and Mood Mediation” by Mead and Ball (2007), discovered that subjects whose learning states were reinstated showed a higher recall rate than those who were in a different context. The participants were randomly placed in four different conditions that manipulated the learning context (major vs. minor key) and the recalling context (major vs. minor key). Two of the conditions tested the reinstatement of the same musical key during learning and recall, as the other two involved key switches between major and minor and vice versa. Each subject was given a four-minute learning period followed immediately by a four-minute recall period in which the conditions may have been changed depending on their group. Mean and Ball’s study showed that there is no significance difference between mood and context dependent memory; however, data did show a higher recall rate when the learning state was reinstated.
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