Do Statutory Quotas An Assurance That Women?

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Do statutory quotas, an assurance that women must constitute a certain number or percentage of the members of a body, (party, candidate list, parliamentary assembly, committee, or government), lead to greater empowerment of women in politics? Verge and Fuente’s initial answer is that quotas may or may not result in promotion of gender equality in politics. The authors undertook a comparative empirical analysis of five political parties in Catalonia, Spain, in an effort to understand the effects of gender quotas. Although there is a focus on gender quotas, which has resolved the unequal structural office distribution, they draw the conclusion that political quotas cannot defeat social constructs of power experienced by female elected officials and party members. The scholarship on gender quotas’ effectiveness in empowerment of women in politics is focused on “analyzing continuity and change in political recruitment processes” (67), the challenges women face in parliamentary environment, and women’s influence over policymaking processes. Although gender quotas are immensely used by parties, the impact of gender quotas on political parties has not received enough scholarly attention. Thus, political parties are “the missing variable” in the literature on women in politics. The authors attempt to fill the gap in the literature by examining party institutional configuration where patterns of distribution take place through informal institutions on daily basis. Quotas do not

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