These cycles are based on the approximately twenty-four-hour tau of humans and external factors, called zeitgebers. The sleep cycle affects multiple parts of a person’s day, including school or work, naps, eating, or driving. Research has found that there is an endogenous clock but that animals are also affected by external cues through free-running experiments. An experiment was done concerning circadian rhythms and their connection through metabolism. The researchers looked at multiple factors affecting sleep as a homeostatic process along with a circadian process (Albrecht 27). These factors included neurotransmitters, protein kinases, and metabolism, along with others. The way the body affects our behavior is apparent when looking at the habit that is
Most teenagers think that it is cool staying up late with friends, but the lack of sleep is slowly killing you with the toxins of society. A recent report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention related lack of sleep to health risks such as being overweight,
It has been proven there is often a link between obesity and depression yet it is not sure exactly what that link is. (15) Are people depressed because they are overweight or are they overweight due to their depression? People suffering mood disorders often lack motivation, this may include their motivation to eat well or have a care for their general wellbeing and simply educating or informing them will not help to fix it. People will often use food as a coping mechanism to deal with anxieties or issues in their life. (16). Mood-disorder led over-eating can stem from toxic environments, such as bad eating in the home which isn’t only psychological but intertwines with our environmental factors. Night Eating Syndrome (NES) is a recognized mental disorder by the DSM-IV. NES has been studied and showed participants who suffered from it showed significant amounts of weight gain, or if they were trying to lose weight by dieting throughout the day did not lose weight either.
My first point confronts adolescents who do not get the proper amount of sleep and end up with health issues. These students have a higher chance of obesity, which is due to hormones that control appetite. These hormones may become off balance from sleep deprivation. Also, teens will be less motivated to exercise because of how tired they are.
An increase in childhood obesity is bad because it can be harmful to one’s health and it can lead to immediate and long-term effects on health. Overweight and obesity are the results of high amount of calorie intake in a human body than it is supposed to burn as energy. Considering the intake of calories by teenagers in this generation, a person should not be shocked by the statistics on obesity today. Obesity in childhood is also increasing because children between ages eight and 18 spend most of their time watching television, surfing the internet, texting, playing x-box or play station instead of participating in outdoor activities that include going on a walk, playing sports, and working out to stay fit and healthy. According to the researchers, students must sleep eight hours each day to stay
According to Alexandra Sifferlin, the author of the article “When School and Sleep Don’t Mix”, “Data suggests that anything under 8.5 to 9 hours of sleep on school days can contribute to health problems like obesity, mood changes and diabetes”(Sifferlin). The reason that not sleeping leads to obesity is because a hormone is released that makes you more hungry when you don’t get enough sleep. According to to the article "How Sleep Loss Leads to Significant Weight Gain”, “Studies have shown that when people don’t get enough sleep have increased levels of a hunger hormone called ghrelin and decreased levels of the satiety/fullness hormone called leptin, which could lead to overeating and weight gain.”(Hellmich) They did studies and the results showed that the participants gained weight over time. It can also lead to other things as well, according to Sifferlin, “Other data has linked poor sleep to a higher reliance on substances like caffeine, tobacco and alcohol. Not getting enough sleep can also take a toll on academic performance”(Sifferlin). Not getting enough sleep at night can lead to those things, possibly because teens think it could help them feel less sleepy. The National Sleep Foundation says that “More than half of teens surveyed reported that they have driven a car while drowsy over the past year and 15% said they drove drowsy at least once a week. Young people under the age of 25 are far
This is a direct reflection of the simple equation of weight management which is calories in must meet calories out and is a direct relation to a child's weight gain. Along with these technological activities such as video games, the internet or television, there is research that supports that children are not receiving enough sleep. Now while sleeping is the most sedentary activity there is, it is said that one minute of sleep can burn more calories than staying awake. In a research article reviewed by Niya Jones MD it states, “For some people, lack of sleep can be the main problem, and a narrow focus on diet and exercise will not be enough to solve it, says Jean-Philippe Chaput, PhD, junior research scientist in the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute in Ottawa”(Stewart).
Recent studies indicate that not having enough sleep can lead to obesity (Obesity Prevention Source, n.p.). For instance, one recent study on teenagers revealed that with every hour short of sleep increases the chances of becoming obese. The same study states that this was true for all ages. Sleeping helps in maintaining a healthy balance of the body hormones that provokes hunger such as ghrelin and leptin hormones. Lack of enough sleep causes the hormone ghrelin to rise while the leptin level reduces. As a result, one will become much hungrier than when they are well-rested. Sleeping is also said to have direct impact on the way the body reacts the hormone insulin which is responsible for control the level of sugar or glucose in the blood. Inadequate sleep brings about excessive blood sugar levels and increases the risks for diabetes. On the other hand, studies reveal that people who fond of sleeping for fewer hours seem to have a preference for lighter and calorie-rich foods as well as carbohydrates. Such foods result in overeating, gaining weight and obesity in the long run (What Causes Overweight and Obesity,
Lack of sleep puts teens at risk for mental and physical issues.Less amounts of sleep put teens at a higher risk for depression,obesity,and motor- vehicle accidents. Overall, short sleepers were 14% more likely to report symptoms of psychological distress on a standard test, effect was especially pronounced among young people who already suffered from anxiety; in this group, lack of sleep triggered more serious mental health problems like full-blown depression.Also lack of sleep can affect teens weight they can even become obese. Losing sleep tends to make people eat more and gain weight, and now a new study suggests that one reason may be the impact that sleep deprivation has on the brain.The research showed that depriving people of sleep for one night created pronounced changes in the way their brains responded to high-calorie junk foods. On days when the subjects had not had proper sleep, fattening foods like potato chips and sweets stimulated stronger responses in a part of the brain that helps govern the motivation to eat. But at the same time, the subjects
Sleep duration and quality participate in normal metabolism, function of immune system, mood, and cognitive functioning . Short duration of sleep and circadian misalignment are hypothesized to contribute to many problems of health including over weight, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, cardiac disease, mood disorders, cognitive dysfunction, and
Even with awareness of becoming obese, individuals are struggling nationwide with the prognosis of adult obesity. It has become more apparent that obesity is far more complex of an issue to address. The Center of Disease Control (2016) states, that obesity is associated with poorer mental health outcomes, reduced quality of life, and the leading causes of death in the U.S. and worldwide, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer. The Mayo Clinic (2015) describes obesity as not just a “cosmetic” issue. Risk factors of becoming or being obese can be a combination of multiple factors. Obesity can be linked to a variety of contributing factors such as genetics and the amount of fat your body stores or unhealthy eating habits.
Sleep as a whole is an extremely critical factor to human health , especially the well-being of full-time students’ due to today’s growingly time-consuming education system. Sleep plays an essential role in mental and physical health, as well as overall well-being. It is clear that sleep is crucial, however, who has the time for the recommended 8 hours of sleep a night, as a minimum? Full-time students especially are at high-risk for sleep deprivation – which has very damaging consequences. These consequences range from weight gain, memory issues, high blood pressure, poor balance and much more. A review of 16 studies have even shown that sleeping for less than 6-8 hours a night increases the risk of early death by about 12%. This information
Sleep is an essential part of any person’s health, however few people seem to realize that not receiving enough sleep can double the risk of becoming obese.“The ‘epidemic’ of obesity is paralleled by a ‘silent epidemic’ of reduced sleep duration with short sleep duration linked to the increased risk of obesity both in adults and in children”(Professor Cappuio). Someone who has developed a sleeping disorder such as, sleep apnea, may not have the motivation to diet or exercise, due to daytime sleepiness. Scientists at the University of Chicago conucted a study in 1999, which restricted eleven healthy young adults to four hours of sleep for six nights. The scientist discovered that restricting individuals to this amount of sleep impaired metabolism functions and disrupted hormone levels. It was also found that the subject’s abilities to process glucose in the blood had declined, in some cases to the level of diabities. ” Not only does obesity contribute to sleep problems such as sleep apnea, but sleep problems can also contribute to obesity.”(National Sleep Foundation)
Children of all ages appear to be getting less sleep than needed to function optimally during the day (Gruber, 2016). Sleep plays a crucial role in one’s health and wellbeing and without it your mental health, physical health, and quality of life would slowly deteriorate. More specifically, sleep plays an impactful role in the development of growing children. The average child watches approximately 32 hours of TV per week (Boyse, 2010), this in turn affects the number of hours of sleep children need for proper development; ultimately, making children more susceptible to obesity because the lack of sleep is proven to be linked to an increase risk of obesity (School of Public Health, 2016). TV also affects children 's sleeping patterns due to various blue light that TV emits. Blue light can disrupt circadian rhythms in children (Mastin, 2013). The human body is regulated by this circadian