Does an Infant’s Temperament Shape His/Her Cognitive and Socio-Emotional Development?

1333 Words Jan 21st, 2015 6 Pages
In this paper I will explain how temperament shapes the cognitive, socio-emotional development. I will discuss various theories of human development, identify the social and emotional domains development and how they affect temperament. I will discuss the eight stages of socialization according to Eric Erikson, and the cultural perspectives of temperament.
A person’s temperament, biology, environment, and even attachment to others can affect how social the individual is. Temperament is an important aspect of emotional development. Temperament is the pattern of arousal and emotionality that are consistent and enduring characteristics of an individual (Shriner B., & Shriner M., 2014). We all have a temperament, and according to Eric
…show more content…
When she sees me smiling she smiles, if I frown she looks so sad it just makes me smile.
As humans, we are social beings. However, some of us are more social than others. Research shows that temperament does seem to be related to genetics, but to what degree? Kagan (2008) argues that children are born with a physiology that makes them biased toward a particular type of temperament (Shriner B., & Shriner M., (2014). An example of some being more social than others, me and my oldest son are very sociable people, while my youngest and my husband are not as sociable.

I guess my genetic temperament was passed on to my oldest and my youngest son got his father’s genetic temperament that added to the social environment they were raised in, it was very diverse. I believe that temperament has a strong role in how we are as adults. Another example is, me and my siblings grew up in the same house, same values, rules etc… yet we are like night and day. Our socialization process consists of eight phases. According to Eric Erikson they are Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry (competence) vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Ego Integrity vs. Despair. They all occur at different stages in our life span.
Trust vs. Mistrust- During this stage the infant is uncertain about the world in which they