Let’s examine the reality of violence during the Reconstruction Era. In the document, “Southern Horrors- Lynch Laws in All its Phases, by Ida B. Wells-Barnett we see countless examples of the continued violence in the south against African-Americans. The slogan “This is white man’s country and the
Though social problems affect a wide variety of people from all races, classes, and cultures; minorities, specifically African Americans, encounter social problems on a multi-dimensional basis. Poverty, employment rates, discrimination, and other social problems strike African Americans in such a way that it is nearly impossible to separate them; each individual has different background, socially and physically, that would determine in which order his or her social problems need to be solved. Impoverished blacks in the inner city may have difficulty finding or keeping jobs, while others may have jobs, but face troubles with work discrimination that prevent them from moving upward .Underemployment, workplace inequalities, and unbalanced
In the article “The Central Theme of Southern Slavery” Ulrich B. Phillips asserts that among several other motives that served as a drive for white Southerners to support slavery, the predominant one was their desire to preserve white supremacy in the South. He claims that all of the states in the US are similar except for the opinion about slavery. Phillips emphasizes that the idea of slavery in the South was important and perceived by southerners as heritage and a tradition. He also claims that the institution wasn’t merely economic, but also a system of social order. In addition, the white southerners saw abolition as a major threat to their economic freedom. According to Phillips, some Southerners saw deportation of african-american citizens as another solution to the slavery crisis in the United States. However,
In the 1850s and 1860s, while only about one-fourth of white southerners owned slaves, they were respected much more than the nonslaveholding whites, who were labeled, even by slaves, as being “poor white trash”. Owning slaves not only had its economic advantages, but it also had social advantages. Slave masters needed their slaves to make a living and to keep their social standings, and to many, if not all, slave-owning southerners, slaves were seen as their property; they paid for their slaves, therefore, the slaves rightfully belong to them. When their rights to their “property” were threatened, slaveowners had every right to take defensive actions. Threats became most serious when new states began joining the Union, becoming free-states, and balance in the Senate, involving the equal representation of pro-slave states and free-states had been upset, giving free-states the upper-hand. The South already knew their peculiar institution was threatened by just the mere existence of anti-slavery abolitionists and others who were unsupportive of the practice of slavery, so when their political disadvantage launched forward with the disbalance of their representation in the Senate, it was clear that the threats were becoming more and more real. With the possibility of slavery coming to an end being more
During the Late Nineteenth Century, white southerners used strict laws within the legal system and violence to prolong the economic and political oppression of African Americans which led to the Jim Crow Segregation system being created. Although the southern whites were trying to maintain the oppression, blacks relied on each other’s help and the help of the military to fight back and keep order and peace as best as they could.
During the time period between 1820 and 1861 the American South was shaped from many political, economic, social, and cultural developments. However, during this time period Southerners experienced these developments in different ways. For example, the slaves of this time lived much differently than the plantation owners. There were many sources of division, as well as unity, during this time.
During pre-colonial African kinship and inheritance, it provided the bases of organization of many African American communities. African American men were recognized for the purpose of inheritance. They also inherited their clan names based on their accomplishments, as well as other things when one decease. Land was not owned in many parts of Africa during the pre-colonial period. It was yet held and distributed by African American men. Access to the land by women depended on their obligations or duties within the gendered division of labor. Agriculture was the job of many African women. Men believed in having several wives that would all work together as farm workers and do whatever duties necessary as required.
Between 1880 and 1930, lynching became not only a phenomenon but a way of life in the southern states. Lynching was racially motivated as it targeted mostly blacks. Within this 50 year period, 1000s of blacks and hundreds of whites were killed by lynch mobs within the southern states alone. Lynching was bloody and ruthless and a horrifying way to be executed. In Fitzhugh Brundage’s book, Lynching in the New South Georgia and Virginia, 1880-1930, he talks about how lynching peaked and expanded throughout Georgia and compares mob violence between Georgia and Virginia in that time period. Brundage states that “Lynching in the American South during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was but one manifestation of strenuous and bloody campaign by whites to elaborate and impose a racial hierarchy upon people of color throughout the globe” (Brundage 2). Whites used lynching as a means for social and economic control. They did not want blacks to have any power and wanted to keep them oppressed. This book explores the differences in lynch mobs between Georgia and Virginia, and how the whites used lynching as a way to keep economic control in the hands of the whites.
Modern and historical forces combine to keep the racial hierarchy in the dominant cultures control. Historically, slavery was diplomatically protected within our constitution safeguarding the control and ownership of African Americans. The three-fifths compromise written into the constitution in 1787, safeguarded slaveowners by greatly increase the representation and political power of slave-owning states (Laws, 2017). Slavery was widespread within the southern states until the year of 1865, when slavery and involuntary servitude were abolished, except for those duly convicted of a crime. Between 1866 and 1870, through congress a radical reconstruction era was executed ensuring guaranteed freedom and civil rights to former slaves. These turn of events, incensed southern slave owners giving rise to white Supremacy and the Ku Klux Klan. Such historical events and accounts help us understand present conditions for people of color through recognition of the enduring struggle of those who have fought slavery and racism.
The slave mindset of white families and slaveowners continued after the abolishment of slavery in 1865 in the form of segregation which was enforced by state and local governments through the use of Jim Crow laws. The levels of racism in the 1930s versus the lower levels of racism in the present correspond with the decline of Jim Crow laws beginning in the mid-20th century, which affected the societal status of black people, their economic status, and their continued effect on today’s laws.
When the Civil War came to a close one hundred fifty years ago, the Union forces ended up victorious. The future seemed bright for the newly emancipated Blacks of the South; no longer bound in servitude, freed slaves must have felt indescribable joy. Sadly, what seemed like a dream come true quickly became a hellish nightmare. White Southerners were beside themselves with rage against Americans they considered property who were now their equals, at least in the eyes of the law. This fury fueled brutal and malicious racial violence in both the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Lynching, intimidation, destruction of property, and other acts of terrorism were quite prevalent throughout Texas. Yet, despite the multitude of physical and political
Since the first African slaves were brought to America in 1619, life for African Americans has been a struggle. During the time of slavery, blacks were treated just like animals. They were the property of their owners and only received what their masters deemed necessary. Because of this, blacks received little health care and had to survive off of the scraps they were given. As time went on, African Americans learned how to adapt to their surrounds. They made the best meals they could from the food they had, and made medicine from the plants and resources that they had. However, as African Americans made the most of what they had, European Americans had ample resources to grow and prosper on this land. They were able to purchase land, food,
Jim Crow laws were social practices of discrimination with white people against the opposite race as them, which was mainly against African Americans. However, the term was originally referred to a black character in the 1800’s minstrel shows in which white performers wore “blackface,” and pretended to be black characters. Once reconstruction ended, it opened a door to the “Jim Crow era,” and began a long period in which African Americans in the south were denied the full rights of Aamerican citizenship. “Although, there were a set of laws that have been passed in southern states, which after they had earned their freedom from slavery.” (““Presentation Name.” Emaze Presentations).,
The white southerner's seeked to control those who were in slavery which led to coming up with special state codes. The public schools excluded the black children. The laws that were passed were same as those that were there during the colonial times, which placed severe restrictions on both slaves and emancipated blacks. Neither of these who were in slavery groups could vote, serve on juries, travel freely, nor work in occupations of their choice. Even their marriages were outside the law for example-le the slaves were going to be given mass land during Christmas but when they refused to sign the contract they were not given the land. This was one of the ways that was being used so as to ensure that there is
Slavery was crucial to the Southern states as they depended on it to run their plantations,